Speech Production Disorders (Articulation Disorders - Dyslalia)

This is the most common speech disorder that children present to speech and language therapists. An articulation disorder is that which is considered anything that hinders understanding or distracts attention from the content of a message. The most common presentation of such an articulation disorder presents in an inability to pronounce the sounds [s], [z], [c], [ʃ], [ʒ], [tʃ], [ʤ] and [r], [l], [lj], [k], [g], [t], [d] and the like. Articulation disorders can manifest in three ways: the omission of a certain sound (for example instead of ‘ruka’ a child says ‘uka’), replacement of a certain sound with another (for exampled instead of ‘mala’ a child says ‘maja’) or the incorrect positioning of the vocal organs when saying a sound (for example when pronouncing‘s’ the tongue is in an incorrect position between the teeth instead of behind the lower/upper incisors).